Despite the copious Army manuals and regulations that defined nearly every aspect of life, the Army still encouraged low-level decision making regarding daily operations of its combat units. Hits 191. The Battle of the Bulge in December 1944 caused such a manpower crisis in infantry units that even some artillery units ended up sending non-essential personnel to the infantry as replacements. Artillery batteries also had a fifth section, which was called the machine gun section. A gun section of the 333rd Field Artillery preparing for action in Normandy. The regiment served within the continental limits of the United States during World War I and was demobilized on February 9th, 1919 at Camp McClellan, Alabama. My father was part of the 147th FA. The battalion was established on June 27, 1962, and is located in Magelang, Central Java. I guess we will all be pursuing our parents for the rest of our lives. The unit was organized at Corozal Canal Zone on 10 July 1918. Such was the case with many African American artillery battalions. Keep me posted. And I didn't really think about how the army wouldn't stop practicing, because my father's section, at least, thought they were going on to Japan. Thank You! Good luck and I will keep you posted. So there must be one out there for the 908. The group owner very kindly sent us a photo copy of the page where it describes in detail how my grandad and three others were driving two trucks from a supply depot in the rear back to their position with rubber tracks for the prime movers on April 18th 1945 (three weeks before the war ended!) CJ Kelly (author) from the PNW on May 25, 2017: I believe the 221st was assigned to the Americal Division, which ended up on Guadalcanal at the end of 1942. There were 238 separate field artillery battalions operating in the ETO by war’s end, with 36 105mm and 71 155mm battalions. At the ammo dumps, these were broken down for shipment by truck to the batteries. My father was in Battery B 563RD Field Artillery Battalion and he did not talk at all about his service. Try it out. I am researching the 259th Artillery Battalion. Also found in Hugh Cole's The Ardennes: Battle of the Bulge. He told me numerous times that he served in a 155 mm Howitzer Battalion that used high speed tractors to pull the guns, Corps Artillery attached to the 3rd Army, and at times attached to the 20th Corps. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more). Chris I. Mustered into Federal service 8 May 1898 at Camp Alva Adams, Denver, as Company D. 1st volunteer Infantry Regiment. He was a heavy machine gunner in the 662nd Service Battalion. We took a trip last fall to the areas where both of my parents were during the war (my mother was a nurse at an evacuation hospital closest to the Battle of the Bulge, outside Liege), and Myra found wonderful information for me on where my father was at various times, places we visited, like a farmhouse command post, and a church where he was observing as it was being shelled. Where possible, they could set the scope on a fixed target (e.g. Hello- My grandfather served in WWII with the 20th Field Artillery Batallion as a T/5 with the 155 mm Howitzer I believe. He also mentioned Regansburg, Germany and ended the war in Austria and did occupation duty there until coming home to train for the invasion of Japan. Ned Burr, Col USA Ret on September 28, 2017: A couple of changes made that helped in Korea( I'm sure there were more but the two important to me as FDC Chief of 64th Field) - one was that we went to 6 gun batteries, 18 gave me a lot more firepower and, second, we increased number of FO's to 3 per battery so I had 9 on the line. While the gunner corporal worked his sight, the assistant gunner, positioned on the right side of the breech, operated a hand wheel to set the elevation. CJ Kelly (author) from the PNW on May 13, 2020: Hi Mr. Gruber, I do. The locations are correct for the unit. Some day I would like for me and my brother to travel the same route together. By the Korean War, they had added six guns to the standard battery. CJ Kelly (author) from the PNW on June 07, 2019: Hi Mr. Armstrong, can you email me directly? Travis Gray, foreground, was one of 17 Soldiers who just graduated from 1-79th Field Artillery Battalion and donated convalescent plasma Aug. 28, at 95th Adjutant General Battalion. Thank You for the links to the Artillery Battalions in the European Theater. … Continued We have been putting together some information about my granddad recently after putting out a Facebook message. Thanks, CJK, my grandfather also passed before i could talk to him of his service. I will check the 20th Corps order of battle just to confirm. This was the largest field gun in the U.S. inventory during the War. I just read that recently, don't remember where, but couldn't find it at google. While exciting, it can get confusing. I am doing a blog on the 182 letters he wrote home while at Camp McCoy and then in the European Theater. There were instance after the Bulge were survivors who were in units wiped in the battle were farmed out to other battalions until their original units were reformed or the war was over. Also, if you have a photo your dad, that would be great. I meant when you go to the Battle of the Bulge reunion, if you hear of anyone there interested. I have a lot of links and contacts for you. I have zip skills but can usually figure out how to do that. My sister cleared some information. He did not talk much about his experience except one instance when he was in Italy as a Forward Observer being shelled so badly one night that his buddy's hair turned white by the next morning. Yes it was WWII. (Home Guard Company D. 1st Infantry Regiment organized February 1899 at Greely) Mustered out of Federal service 8 September 1899 at San Francisco… White phosphorus shells fired on German positions during the Bulge. CJ Kelly (author) from the PNW on October 15, 2016: Hi Ms. Southall, I would like a picture of your dad in uniform. I remeber my grandpa and uncle looking thru timelife magazine and my grandpa exclaiming "we werent actually there! 240mm gun being towed by M33 tractor, Italy 1943 or 1944. Besides the four firing battalions, an infantry division’s artillery complement contained a Division Headquarters component. But overall, finding info on this unit post Bulge is very hard. A lieutenant led the small team of 3 or 4 men to a forward outpost to spend up to several days manning a front line position. All units in the last year of the war were short men on their roster. The 159th Field Artillery Battalion continued to serve in the Eighth Army through all ten Korean campaigns as an integrated battalion and remained in Korea after the end of hostilities as part of the Eighth Army until inactivated on 20 April 1955. 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