Torn between repenting or not, the king feels “like a man to double business bound.” Hamlet knows that Claudius is the one who has killed his father and it soon becomes obvious that they both feel the need to kill each other before the truth comes out to everyone else. From this point on: Claudius rejects the idea of repentance; He becomes more and more hardened in his villainy; He sets aside all remorse. Another way to prevent getting this page in the future is to use Privacy Pass. How does Polonius treat Ophelia? Polonius is characterized as close to his children and slightly arrogant and controlling as he gives both Laertes and Ophelia long speeches about what they should and shouldn’t do in scene three. Hamlet decides to try and kill Claudius' soul as well as his body, which may make us feel sympathy for Claudius. Claudius is the most controversial, the most mysterious and the most talked about character in this play. He says “I’ll make a ghost of him that lets me” (line 85), which means he’ willing to kill anyone who tries to stop him. His character does however change and we clearly see how his evilness and weakness increases as his need to escape discovery and his clandestine nature in doing so, is revealed. There are many examples of betrayal in the play Hamlet. One small blemish can condemn the whole man. If you are on a personal connection, like at home, you can run an anti-virus scan on your device to make sure it is not infected with malware. 6. Hamlet then insists that they swear again on his sword. He is also suspicious of the ghost and wonders if it is “a spirit of health or goblin damn’d”(line 40). Claudius is a sneak who murdered and lied. Young Fortinbras had hired warriors to recover the lands his father lost from Hamlet’s kingdom. How does Hamlet feel about Claudius drinking and partying? Partying and drinking. Get an answer for 'In Act 5, scene 2 of Hamlet, does Gertrude know that the wine is poisoned and drink it to save her son's life?' • Marcellus has one of the most famous lines from Shakespeare: “Something is rotten in the state of Denmark.” What does this literally mean? Why? What advice does he give her? What do the men decide to do about what they have seen? The Differences Between the Kings There are many differences between the Kings Hamlet and Claudius with very few similarities. He overhears Claudius discussing it. As far as intuition, Hamlet is intuitive because he is using his intuition and waiting for the perfect timing to kill Claudius. • He is also suspicious of the ghost and wonders if it is “a spirit of health or goblin damn’d” (line 40). Cloudflare Ray ID: 6159e0bfafb416c1 This can also be seen when Hamlet does not join his uncle at the celebration after the coronation, instead he is by himself contemplating suicide. 7. Hamlet: The Character of Claudius Of all the characters in Shakespeare's Hamlet, perhaps the role of Claudius is the most intriguing and crucial. Perhaps the similarities stop at being the product of the same mother and father or even being each others brother. Polonius treats Ophelia like her feelings don’t matter, saying “Affection! 5. Hamlet, Part 6: Applying Literary Criticism. How do you think Ophelia feels having both her father and brother tell her how to live? If like Hamlet we cannot prove it at the opening of the play, we need only wait for the later developments and for his villainous attempts on Hamlet's life. 2. 4. Nay, answer me. This is hardly an adequate revenge, Hamlet thinks, especially since Claudius, by killing Hamlet’s father before he had time to make his last confession, ensured that his brother would not go to heaven. Gertrude tells him what she knows. How is Polonius characterized? Hamlet, too, wants to go back to university, but Claudius refuses to let him. They agree. He’s also galled by Claudius’ pleasure-seeking habits – his eating and drinking and his excessive sexual appetite. 4. 3. In this speech, Hamlet indicts the Danish people, including himself — he is, after all, "to the manner born" — for their hedonism. What fatherly advice does Polonius give Laertes before he leaves? Comprehension and AnalysisHamlet Act 1, Scene 2:1. Custom that should be forgotten, other countries think we are worthless, drunken pigs. Something is wrong in the state of Denmark. Claudius is no more Machiavellian than Hamlet; both ultimately believe that the end justifies the means, and both ultimately sacrifice humanity and humaneness in the acquisition of their goals. What country might go to war with Denmark? How does Hamlet find out about Claudius's plan? Hamlet explains the noise as being part of a wedding ritual in his country. Give examples to support your response. 3. However, Shakespeare soon shifts our sympathies. Hamlet is angry at his mother, Gertrude, and at Claudius.Prior to the beginning of the play, Claudius has murdered Hamlet's father, King Hamlet, and his mother has married Claudius… This is the case in Hamlet. 4. Why is the Ghost so upset with the swiftness of his death? This quote was said by Ophelia. Hamlet. does* and it's a duel that was set up before by Laertes and Claudius to kill Hamlet. Cite examples from the text. What is the atmosphere of the first scene? The character would also have to contain some good qualities, such as kindness and contriteness. 200. Who do Laertes and Polonius warn Ophelia about? The king decides to send his messengers Cornelius and Voltimand with a letter to the elderly uncle of Fortinbras, so that he will make his nephew stop. For what reasons does Laertes say Ophelia should not be with Hamlet? They decide to tell Hamlet in the morning, because the ghost might decide to speak to him. This exemplifies how women were treated during this time because Polonius and Laertes are making Ophelias decision without her opinion. Ophelia says that he’s always been honorable around her, but she agrees to obey her father. Hamlet, overwhelmed and half-raving, swears that he will kill Claudius. What were people told about how Old Hamlet died? How does Claudius just seemingly dismiss the fact that Hamlet’s father is dead? How does Ophelia defend Hamlet? They had agreed that the winner of the battle would claim the other king’s lands. Claudius does many things that could very well make him a better person in Hamlet rather than the villain, but the one thing that makes him the villain is that Hamlet is right and Claudius is wrong. 3. 2. The atmosphere of the first scene is frightening and mysterious because there’s a ghost haunting the watchmen who looks “so like the king” and the king recently died (line 110-111). 200. and find homework help for other Hamlet questions at eNotes Horatio finds the poison. 200. Hamlet and Claudius did not truly love Gertrude and Ophelia and that is the tragic reason for the end of these relationships. A modern girl might stand up to her father and brother and make her own decision. Hamlet says that Claudius' drinking and partying is evidence of serious flaw, and that "the dram of evil doth all the noble substance often doubt to his own scandal," meaning that it only takes a bit of evil to corrupt everything. Why did Claudius send Hamlet to England? In these examples betrayal leads to the destruction of relationships. The watchmen are seeing ghosts, and Horatio points out that right before Caesar was killed “the graves stood tenantless, and the sheeted dead did squeak and gibber in the Roman streets” (lines 114-116). People were told that Old Hamlet died when a snake bit him, but he was really poisoned by Claudius. 5. Claudius is partying with music, canons, and drinking: What is going on in the castle when Hamlet, Horatio, and Marcellus await the ghost? 100. Claudius is indeed as much a villain as Macbeth, and with little or nothing of Macbeth's great ability. Claudius is drinking and partying. Hamlet is furious with his mother because she has remarried his uncle only two months after his father’s death. 200. Who has King Claudius married? Norway. According to Hamlet, how has Claudius' "rousing" (drinking & partying) affected Denmark's reputation? hamlet does not care at all, he does not even seem to notice. 4 of 5. Two examples of Hamlet’s suspicions are “it is not nor cannot come to any good” (line 158) and “my father’s spirit all is not well; I doubt some foulplay”(lines 254-255).While Claudius claims to be grieving his dead brother, he has married his wife two months later and tells Hamlet that his continued grieving is foolish and unreasonable. Claudius tells Hamlet that it’s time to stop grieving and accept his new father, and he insults Hamlet by saying that his grief is “unmanly” (line 95) and shows a heart unfortified, a mind impatient, and understanding simple and unschooled” (lines 96-98). Hamlet does not tell them what the ghost has revealed, but nevertheless insists that they swear not to speak of the apparition to anyone. Hamlet's speech about Claudius' carousing is important on a number of levels. In the play, "Hamlet", Shakespeare needed to devize an evil character, a villain that is ambitious, and has the ability to scheme to get what he wants. The ghost speaks of him as one "whose natural gifts were poor to those of mine!" And Claudius does not stop Gertrude from drinking the poison in the goblet during the duel between Hamlet and Laertes because it will implicate him in the plot. 100. How does Hamlet’s speech contribute to the mood of suspicion and theme of corruption? He is also suspicious of the ghost and wonders if it is “a spirit of health or goblin damn’d”(line 40). Claudius also has some good traits, whish makes him seem more human and some “out-to-do-no-good” person. Claudius dismisses Hamlet’s father’s death by saying that all fathers die eventually, so there’s no reason to be upset. He wants revenge on Hamlet for killing his father and for causing his sister to go crazy. Prince Hamlet’s play-within-a-play does cause Claudius to “proclaim” his “malefactions” (2.2)—but in his private chapel in 3.3 rather than publicly in front of the court. When Horatio says "Do not my Lord," meainng do not follow the Ghost, what is Hamlet's response? But by acting as a distraught lover, the source of his insanity is clearer and easily acceptable by Claudius, Gertrude, and Polonius than the "murder" of King Hamlet. To where does the Ghost tell Hamlet that he must return soon? 61-52.) It is clear that we are intended to see Claudius as a murderous villain, but a multi-faceted villain: a man who cannot refrain from indulging his human desires. You may need to download version 2.0 now from the Chrome Web Store. How many times have the guards seen the ghost before? Hamlet says that Claudius’ drinking and partying is evidence of serious flaw, and that “the dram of evil doth all the noble substance often doubt to his own scandal,” meaning that it only takes a bit of evil to corrupt everything. Give evidence. and doesn’t want Claudius to be his stepfather. He is also suspicious of the ghost and … 2. Both Claudius and Gertrude attempt to break through to Hamlet, imploring him to take off his black mourning suit and realise that everyone dies, that one just has to get back to normal and carry on with one’s life. Stand and unfold yourself” (lines 1-2). What reason is rumored for the strong military buildup seen recently? Pooh, you speak like a green girl”(line 101) and “”think yourself a baby that you have taken those tenders for true pay”(lines 105-106).Polonius tells Ophelia to stop spending time with Hamlet and to forget about him, because his love for her isn’t real. Why is Hamlet furious with his mother? In fact, Hamlet suggests that drunkenness is a “dram of evil.” This shows that beyond being simply distasteful, Hamlet thinks his uncle’s partying ways are a testament to his poor character. Quote and explain the line where Hamlet says what he will do if anyone tries to stop him from following the ghost to hear what he has to say. II Lines 116-123, Claudius shows his love towards Hamlet be askinghim to stay in Denmark. Hamlet mutters, “A little more than kin and less than kind” before speaking to the King Claudius. Comprehension and AnalysisHamlet Act 1, Scene 1:1. Ophelia says that she will listen to Laertes advice but tells him that he needs to be responsible himself. False: This quote was said by Laertes. Please enable Cookies and reload the page. 3. What is the truth? If Hamlet loved Ophelia he would have tried to help her get through the hard time she was having, but he did not. The Ghost tells Hamlet that he must return to purgatory. Kin is “family” and in this case, the word kind means “natural” or “normal.” Interpret what Hamlet means by this statement. True or False: "Alas, then she is drowned." Claudius is drinking and partying. Francisco and Bernardo demand to know each other’s identity when they enter the scene “who’s there? Laertes makes a dying declaration. Your IP: 35.201.9.151 Laertes says Ophelia shouldn’t be with Hamlet because Hamlet is a prince and won’t have a choice in who he marries later on, so she might have her heart broken. If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices. A comparison of the love relationship between Ophelia and Hamlet and Gertrude and Claudius, will illustrate that betrayal, selfishness and lack of love cause the downfall of these relationships. 5. Hamlet knows that Claudius is the one who has killed his father and it soon becomes obvious that they both feel the need to kill each other before the truth comes out to everyone else. What lines from the scene one contribute to the tone and eventual motif of suspicion and distrust? How does Hamlet feel about these celebrations? 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