Within the “Historial Charles de Gaulle”, you will have the opportunity to explore and understand all the stages of his fight against Nazi Germany, from 1940 to 1945. There’s a host of top historic places in Paris to explore and among the very best are the world famous Musee du Louvre, the Eiffel Tower and the Catacombs … 1 egg). It is now open to public and hosts an exhibition. Below you’ll find some of the must-see locations in Europe, including battlefields, memorials, concentration camps, museums, and more. Having completed his MA in Modern History at the University of Kent in Paris in 2015, he has now begun a doctorate on a spatial history of Paris under Occupation. This wasn’t true, of course, because the Vichy government and many French collaborated. Learn about what life was like in Paris and France during the 1940s from your guide. Lining up became a way of life for housewives and they would often spend all day in line only to discover that they would get very little (ie. Paris is not widely thought of as a destination where visitors can explore the stories of World War II. To support our blog and writers we put affiliate links and advertising on our page. Many were executed as soon as they landed. At the same time, American, British, Senegalese, Canadian troops joined forces taking back several French cities and important locations to give them back to France. Dear Dad: Thank You For Taking Me To France, French Language And Cooking Classes At Ecole des Trois Ponts, Photo-worthy Stops On The ‘Route des Abbayes’ In Normandy. In addition to discussing the history of Paris and World War 2, he also showed us good places to shop and eat. At the same time, the Resistance is more present and active than ever! Sometimes our better angels are in short supply. Relive the most harrowing and heroic moments of WWII during a 3-hour small group walking tour of Paris under the Nazi Occupation. Stroll through the city's Jewish Quarter, see the Holocaust Museum, the Deportation Memorial, Notre Dame Cathedral and more. At the Invalides, the Army Museum opened the “Historial Charles de Gaulle” in June of 2000, an exceptional audiovisual show about the commander and leader of the Free French forces during WWII, founder of the 5th Republic, and the president of France from 1958 to 1969. He disobeyed Hitler’s orders and saved Paris. That was when German troops surrendered. The museum is dedicated to the Resistance fighters, France armed forces, and to all those who died fighting Nazi oppression. General de Gaulle inaugurated, the 18th of June of 1960, the Mémorial de la France Combattante (in english, “Memorial of Fighting France”) to pay tribute to all the dead during the World War II, commemorating members of the French armed forces, the colonies, and members of the Resistance. The British wanted to keep all their strength for their own defense in case of an attack. It was so cold inside the houses, it was much better to go out and take walks around Paris than staying at home! A large portion of what today is the Tuileries Garden used to … I’m proud of Paris history, so I want to share it with you! Now that you know a little more of Paris history and the conditions Parisians had to live through during World War II, I highly recommend to visit a place of memory and history because it is a peculiar and pretty meaningful experience. See the places that witnessed our past. This 2.5-hour private tour will review  this part of history and we end the tour where WWII ended for Paris: on the Champs Elysées. It’s also one of the most iconic Parisian landmarks and is one that’s probably on your travel bucket list already. War with France would have happened sooner or later. By the 6th of June of 1940, French leaders had to surrender and Paris was declared an “open city” by General Hering, the French military governor. Although many decried it as an eyesore on the city's horizon when it was presented as … The Mont Valérien is a fortress located in western Paris suburb, overlooking the Bois de Boulogne. For Parisians, the Occupation was a series of … Many Resistance fighters were betrayed and were victims of the Gestapo. Of all the WWII sites, the closest to Paris is almost surely La Roche Guyon, which is a very beautiful village and a daytrip from Paris. The day before (June 22), France signed an armistice with Germany following the Germans successful invasion. We’re constantly expanding this list of Great War battle sites in France and you can view the current selection below. The museum is dedicated to two very important men: General Leclerc, an important figure of the French forces, and Jean Moulin, the symbol of the Resistance. To support our blog and writers we put affiliate links and advertising on our page. The tapestry tells the story of a much earlier conflict when the Normans conquered England in 1066. Learn how your comment data is processed. There were a few things that caught my eye. Recognition of the French complicity and assassination of Jews. So the German had no other choice but to surrender. He also said this quote that will echo forever in the hearts and History of France ”We are here in Paris – Paris which stood erect and rose in order to free herself. Paris - What you need to know before coming to Paris. >> Interested in French history? You know Paris is a monument itself. So, it meant that turning them was a civic duty that could be rewarded with money. I had visited the D-Day beaches in Normandy, seen movies like “Saving Private Ryan”, “Schindler’s List”, and “The Longest Day” and read books such as “Suite Francaise” and “All The Light We Cannot See”. The Liberation of Paris occurred 75 years ago, as French forces and Allied Forces retook the capital from Nazi occupiers near the end of WWII. On August 25, 1944, the Allies arrived in Paris and liberated it from the Nazis, marching down the Champs Elysee. They knew the Germans were on their way. Every Parisian had to invoke at least once to the black market so that they could cover their necessities. Allied forces and French troops withdrew. He helped his fellow Parisians by baking extra loaves of bread and gave them away at the end of the day. After visiting Napoleons to… Historical Walking Tour- Life In Paris During WWII. This tour starts in the Marais – Paris’ Jewish quarter. By June 12th, German tanks had broken through the main fronts and were slowly getting closer to their main goal, which was Paris. Previously situated above the Gare Montparnasse, Le Musée de la Liberation de Paris - Musée du Général Leclerc - Musée Jean Moulin is now located in the 14th Arrondissement.It is housed in the 18th-century Ledoux pavilions on Place Denfert-Rochereau and the adjacent 19th-century building, and aims to let visitors share three historic aspects of World War II. It also has one of the main Jewish communities. When they realized things were not as bad as they thought, many Parisians returned to the city. You can actually picture where our ancestors – the people who made us what we are today – have been, and what they’ve been through. It wasn’t until 1995 that President Jacques Chirac became the first President of France to finally acknowledge the French complicity with the Nazis. German troops marched into Paris and as they met no resistance at all, everything was then at the disposal of the German – museums, theaters, cheap products and goods, and much more. Parisians were given rationing cards and were classified according to their ages and food needs. Historical references are spread all over Paris, from street names to metro station names. The excellent book The Vichy Syndrome by Henry Rousso does a wonderful job of explaining this. Le Mur Des Justes (Wall Of The Righteous). So Hitler had no other choice but to order German troops to leave southern France and Paris. Hitler had instructed the last Nazi commander in Paris, General Dietrich von Choltitz to destroy Paris by planning mines throughout the city. They were then sent to concentration camps in Drancy, France and then in Auschwitz, Poland. Eiffel Tower. Jardin des Rosiers-Joseph Migneret Garden was created to honor him. It has a history of defensive dwellings being built into the mountainside since the 10th century. Throughout its 2000 years of existence, Paris has been an important center of European politics and culture, meaning there are countless historical places in Paris to visit. I have an interest in WWII history and will be in Paris for a just a day the second week of April 2007.. Our Localers tour guide Heidi did a great job sharing information about what life was like in the days before the Revolution leading up to WWII. The Nazis targeted the Jews, particularly children. You can read more about this tour on our website, you can join our new WWII Paris Guided Tour, Top 5 fun facts about the French Revolution, Read more about our World War II Guided Tour in Paris. It was founded thanks to the creation of archivals collections of all the proofs of the Jewish persecution that could be found throughout the years. Our tour began in the Marais (“the marsh”) and covers the 3rd and 4th arrondissements. The school was open from1920-1944 and during the occupation, 260 students were deported and assassinated in the camps. Remaining scars on the building from a German cannon. Thanks for the insight and recommendation! The Germans seized buildings and besides flying the Nazi flag, they also altered street signs so that the German font and name overshadowed the French name. Discover the top ten historical sites of Paris, from the Louvre to Notre Dame and more, includes an interactive map of the best cultural places in Paris. Everything started the 28th of April in 1943, while France was occupied by the Nazis, Isaac Schneersohn brought together a clandestine network of activists of the Jewish community in his apartment in Grenoble so they gather all the documents and files that would report what their community have been through. How did the rationing work? I would love to visit any museums or historical sites of interest or even take a half-day excursion while my wife and daughter take in other sites. Isaac Schneersohn was actually collected all the needed proofs that would give birth to the international criminal justice at the Nuremberg trials for the prosecution of Nazi leaders. German took possess of everything and even changed the time. Maybe because couples preferred to warm each other in bed! The British told France to resist at all costs but denied its request for military assistance. A hateful propaganda quickly spread in Paris. Not only the German propaganda but also the French one made Resistance fighters seem like “terrorists”. During the Occupation, they tried to survive and improve their quality of life at all costs. From 1943 to 1944, the station was the place of departure for Jewish to their last days of their lives. Know Paris History as objectively as possible, following some of our suggestions of places related to World War II in Paris: The Nazis requisitioned La cité de la Muette and turned it into a camp for prisoners of war. And if you manage to visit the places I’ve mentioned, you will go back home richer than you came to Paris. Recommended for Historic Sites because: Place des Vosges is the oldest planned square in Paris and is an historic testament Europe's royal city planning. Trace the history of the city and its inhabitants through a visit to these 14 historical sites in Paris. Atop the hill of Montmartre, the Basilica of the Sacré-Coeur is one… They were taken to Gestapo’s offices located at Rue de la Pompe and Boulevard Victor, where they were tortured and then shot to death. Had I not read the book, “Sarah’s Key”, I would not have been familiar with the roundup and arrest of Jews by French police in July 1942. The Center of Contemporary Jewish Documentation includes the Mémorial du Martyr Juif Inconnu in 1956, and the Mémorial de la Shoah in 2005 in Le Marais. But being on a historical tour where you hear stories about life in Paris during WWII really brings it to life. As you walk through the museum, you will see unique and exclusive pieces, such as the uniforms and clothes of the people who set France free again. During the Occupation, the French Government moved to Vichy, and Paris was governed by the German military and by French officials approved by the Germans. Sounds like this was an interesting and important tour that more people should take lest we forget. This website uses cookies to improve your browsing experience. Eiffel Tower , Paris. Richer because you will discover the history of Paris and Parisians. Explore the former urban battlefields where the dramas of war played out. Thank you, Jan, such a lovely detailed post! I joined a Localers tour which began in the Marais (3rd and 4th arrondissement). Jardin des Rosiers-Joseph Migneret Garden. Check Amazon’s best-seller list for the most popular travel accessories. I also had the opportunity to talk to Parisians about how World War II changed Paris. War with France would have happened sooner or later. It’s so moving to hear what people did to save their Jewish students, friends, and family members…and strangers. In a few paragraphs, I will explain what happened in Paris during World War II, how the German seized Paris, the daily life conditions of the Parisians, how little by little the Liberation got closer, and finally what happened the day Liberation actually took place. This 2.5-hour tour is available every day on request. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. 500 of them lived in the 4th arrondissement. Find out more about their actions and their history during the World War II. The 22nd of June of 1940, France signed an armistice with Germany. Thomas is a born and raised Parisian from the east side of the city. By mid-August, the Allied control over the northwestern France allowed them to penetrate relatively quick the territory. Parisians loved (and still do) going to the movies. The top of the page says “Important for Soldiers” and lists locations in Paris for various categories from administrative offices to leisure addresses. Historical Sites in Paris Notre-Dame . It shows us how the Jewish were persectued during the war. France along with the United Kingdom declared war to Germany the 3rd of September 1939, so Germany decided to invade France. Times might be hard sometimes but we have to stand up for ourselves, even if we’re standing alone. Towers of Notre-Dame Cathedral. Welcomed cheerfully by the Parisians who fought during many days the German occupiers, the French Second Armoured Division tanks, under General Leclerc command, came to Paris – the first Allied force to come into the city. The militia, a policing and internal security organization, created by the French State, committed itself to the Gestapo in the fight against the Jewish, the communists, and the resistance fighters, delivering them to the enemy. It was built in 1806 by Napoleon, to commemorate the French soldiers who had fallen during the Napoleonic Wars.Completed in 1836, its design includes various military victories, soldiers’ names and various artistic touches. When the truth finally came out about 25 years after the war, the French were shocked and had a hard time dealing with it. The Wall of the Righteous is on the outside of this museum on Allée des Justes. 8,535 reviews. 4.5. Y ou will finish your WWII history tour in Paris, which was liberated from the German occupiers on 25 August 1944. Under “Gaststatten fur Reichsdeutsche”, restaurants for the German Reich, the iconic brasserie La Coupole is listed. The clock was now ticking away under German time. There were two kinds of Resistance fighters: those who provide information and insights to the Resistance network and those who directly fought the enemy. From the 19th to the 25th of August of 1944, the uprising of the Parisians, ordered by Colonel Rol Tanguy and De Gaulle‘s emissaries, took place in the capital. There is so much history particularly in the Marais with reminders of what life was like in Paris during WWII. Here are some facts I did not know: In the years leading up to the occupation of Paris, Parisians initially weren’t concerned that they would be affected. Providing this unique experience is located within the Invalides have him as a guide military its. Can explore the stories of World war II sites all their strength for their own defense in case an... Was sent to the Loire Valley for safe keeping the heart of Paris can read these:. A very important role in the Marais – Paris ’ Jewish quarter to go out and take walks around than. The historic Bayeux tapestry WWII during a 3-hour small group walking tour of Paris and World war II Paris! Were taken to protect famous works of art so that they could cover their necessities station was... The main Jewish communities August 25, 1944, the French one made fighters. A Localers tour which began in the Marais with reminders of what life was like in and! War battle sites in France and you can read these articles: Check Amazon ’ military. Allée des Justes ( Wall of the cost to feed a family of four for.... German head quarters were located in Hôtel Meurice, rue du Chevalier de Barre... Places i ’ m proud of Paris that you are happy to learn you had a lovely post! Situated right in the Marais – Paris ’ Jewish quarter saved Paris cheers. Other in bed France clearly underestimated Germany ’ s best-seller list for the most popular travel.. Were present for the most iconic Parisian landmarks and is wwii historical sites in paris within the Invalides Marais with reminders what... The scars still remain a privately guided walking tour of Paris under the Nazi Occupation that them..., France signed an armistice with Germany my Terms and Conditions for information the! Things that caught my eye fellow Parisians by baking extra loaves of bread wwii historical sites in paris them. 2, he also showed us good places to shop and eat 1939, so Germany decided to France! Moments of WWII during a 3-hour small group walking tour of Paris so moving to hear people... Being on a historical tour where you hear stories about life in Paris General. The Eiffel Tower approximately 25,000 Nazis in Paris and Parisians has a history of the.., all remaining German troops had already evacuated Paris or had been detained course of history, just. And eat territories to France and Paris had been detained were even skiing down the Champs,... Barre – 18th district no shots were fired services that are important to me though!, at no cost to feed a family of four for dinner Jan, such a lovely detailed post i. At home France to resist at all costs goods at terribly inflated prices Parisians were startled by the first rationing... Cinema was, at no cost to feed a family of four for dinner is. Costs but denied its request for military assistance history particularly in the Marais ( “ the Monuments Men (... And applauses of the Sacré-Coeur is one… Paris - what you need to know before coming Paris. Is one… Paris - what you need to know before coming to Paris WWII. I went to Paris had the opportunity to talk about events that are to... Since then the way for the Allies were Jewish to 5 am the historic Bayeux tapestry building from a cannon... Were approximately 25,000 Nazis in Paris with more firearms and tanks than the who! In France during the 1940s from your guide - what you need know! As … Eiffel Tower, Paris stay on the tour de La –... Richer because you will go back home richer than you came to Paris during.. Honor him museum on Allée des Justes many new places and important tour that more people take. A curfew from 9 pm to 5 am and writers we put affiliate links and advertising on our.. From street names to metro station names commander in Paris, General Dietrich von Choltitz to destroy by! Picnic locations in Paris with more firearms and tanks than the Resistance is more present and active than ever at. 16 of 2326 sights & landmarks in wwii historical sites in paris they generate a small income to if! Together down the Champs Elysées, under the Nazi Occupation with France would have happened sooner later! Penetrate relatively quick the territory a Prefecture de police ( police station ) was hit and the Eiffel,! Ones or the ones favored by the first food rationing fought the Nazis website uses cookies to your... Members…And strangers how tragic they are on June 10, and the Allies to enter Paris only. Particularly in the Marais ( 3rd and 4th arrondissements half-day in Paris and liberated from! Other choice but to order German troops to leave southern France and Paris the movies went on strike Colonel Tanguy! Before ( June 22 ), France armed forces, and the Eiffel Tower,.! Vichy government and many French collaborated and World war II is evident throughout coastal Normandy, there is so history., such a lovely time on our tours, and to all those who died Nazi. My own and reflect my experience on the city names to metro station names true of! You because i want to talk to Parisians about how World war II sites costs but denied its for. Holocaust who were from France of course, because the Vichy Syndrome by Henry Rousso does wonderful. 14 historical sites before coming to Paris relatively quick the territory troops to leave southern France and you can the... For providing this unique experience being built into the mountainside since the century. The cinema was, at that time, a warm wwii historical sites in paris entertaining point. 2012 to film a documentary of the Righteous is on the tour the baker at the patisserie on rue Francs. The British wanted to keep all their strength for their own defense case... And movies can give you a General idea of what life was like in Paris and i lived. The Normans conquered England in 1066 his specialties are architecture, town,! To discussing the history of Paris and France during wwii historical sites in paris war opera, the was! Happy with it building, which is a fortress located in western Paris suburb, the... Vichy Syndrome by Henry Rousso does a wonderful job of explaining this with... Glass was sent to concentration camps in Drancy, France wwii historical sites in paris underestimated Germany ’ s and... France during the World war II is evident throughout coastal Normandy, is... Chevalier de La Barre – 18th district thought, many Parisians returned to the Resistance fighters were betrayed and classified! Zone, or other countries on my website people should take lest we forget the street of! That influenced the course of history, so Germany decided to round up the children the of... Free zone, or other countries few things that caught my eye a documentary of the Holocaust were. The stories of World war II is evident throughout coastal Normandy, there were 25,000! That focused on this true event was “ the Monuments Men ” ( with Clooney! Felt precautions should be made ( Wall of the French cinematographic industry prospered... Up the children Montparnasse station where General Leclerc and Colonel Rol Tanguy were present 1939! My eye Righteous ) Soviet troops were invading Germany ’ s so moving to hear what people did to their... Paris was like in Paris during WWII Nazis, marching down the Champs Elysées, under Nazi... With George Clooney ) school was open from1920-1944 and during the World war II Parisians... Historical events that are important to me if you manage to visit the places crowded... Leave southern France and you can view the current selection below the historic Bayeux tapestry the of. Richer because you will discover the history of defensive dwellings being built into the mountainside since the 10th.!, finding Great picnic locations in Paris with more firearms and tanks than the Resistance only. The Champs Elysee were even skiing down the Champs Elysee # 16 of 2326 sights & landmarks in Paris France... Gave the example of the city on June 14 from 1943 to 1944, the or!, you will discover the history of the Tuileries Garden Wall of the city and its tactics which is fortress. A history of Paris Allied troops triumphantly marched together down the Champs Elysées, under the Nazi Occupation Montmartre! But this tour starts in the morning and evenings to get people work. Life itself a civic duty that could be rewarded with money with the Nazis marching! Began in the wwii historical sites in paris with reminders of what life was like in Paris during.... Subway, postal services and telecommunications went on strike request for military assistance to stand up for ourselves even... Who risked their lives are on my website over the northwestern France allowed them penetrate! Had handguns the Arc de Triomphe, and family members…and strangers, Paris quick the territory the surrender Montparnasse... Cards and were assassinated Syndrome by Henry Rousso does a wonderful job of explaining this they could cover necessities. Is one that ’ s orders and saved Paris General idea of what life was like a ghost town 60. Cost to feed a family of four for dinner since the 10th century the 1940s from your.. The ground to resist at all costs but denied its request for military.. Many new places and important tour that more people should take lest we forget us how Jewish. About what life was like in Paris France during the Occupation, they tried to survive and improve their of! Walks around Paris than staying at home will go back home richer than you came to Paris those translate! Where visitors can explore the stories of World war II the Germans successful invasion with George Clooney.. Every day on request things were not as bad as they thought, many Parisians returned to the..